The heart, blood vessels and blood make up one of the most amazing and unique organ systems in the human body
The cardiovascular system. Often referred to as the body’s form of plumbing, the cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting nutrients and oxygen and removing gaseous waste. The cardiovascular system also provides immune protection and regulates body temperature, fluid pH, and water content of cells. These actions are completed with the help of the autonomic nervous system, which regulates the cardiovascular system by monitoring receptors throughout the body on a second-by-second basis. This process allows the heart to respond to stimuli instantaneously and beat over 100,000 times each day, without you having to do anything!
The overwhelming amount of work accomplished by the cardiovascular system each day places stress on both the heart and coronary arteries. Over time, this stress can lead to chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and ultimately cardiometabolic disease. Cardiometabolic disease is comprised of three of the top six most commonly diagnosed chronic diseases among Americans: cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and stroke. In fact, preventing and managing cardiometabolic risk is the most common conversation patients have with their clinicians.
Traditionally, treating and preventing cardiometabolic disease has focused on managing lab values such as blood glucose, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and total cholesterol with the use of prescription drugs. Unfortunately, this strategy has not lowered the rate of cardiometabolic disease. In fact, more and more Americans are diagnosed each year and at increasingly younger ages.
However, we now know the cardiovascular system is highly influenced by lifestyle choices we make every day, such as diet ,getting the vitamins and minerals that your body needs, physical activity, stress response,and the environment . If health- focused choices are not practiced daily, chronic inflammation, insulin resistance and, over time, cardiometabolic disease can damage our overall health.